The African Union (AU) has begun to take concrete steps for the sustainable development of the African countries, particularly the cooperation with the countries that contribute to solving the energy and electricity problem for the more than 600 million Africans living in the dark, in implementation of the recommendations of the African Executive Council. The AU has dealt with all strategic partnerships in a more forceful and goal-oriented manner and to achieve results based on the common African interest.
She met with the head of the delegation of the Chinese government, Counselor Zongliang, Counselor of the Chinese Embassy in the European Union, to consult on the memorandum of understanding signed between the African Union and China to strengthen cooperation between Africa and China in the field of energy.
China presented a plan to promote energy cooperation between China and Africa at the Forum of China-Africa Cooperation Summit in Beijing last September, through the establishment of the African Union for the Development of Sustainable Energy Network at the Forum of Development of the African Energy Network as an important event within the China-Africa Cooperation Forum.
The consortium will be established in an effort to promote energy cooperation between China and African countries and help transform energy consumption in Africa and sustainable development in African countries.
The Forum also issued a report on the study of the planning of the African energy grid, noting that the African continent is rich in clean energy resources, as the hydropower, wind energy and solar energy in the continent accounted for 12 percent, 32 percent and 40 percent of the world total, respectively.
African Union Commissioner for Environment, Energy and Tourism Dr. Amani Abu Zeid said in a statement issued by African Union (AU) Ambassador Nemira Djemid that despite the vast untapped natural resources of the continent, 600 million Africans lack electricity and energy, This is one of the most important factors hindering the continent’s development.
At the Beijing Summit of the 2018 China-Africa Cooperation Forum, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that the Chinese people in their relationship with African countries are committed to “five islands”: they do not interfere with the efforts of African countries to explore development paths commensurate with their national conditions; It does not interfere with African affairs; it does not impose its will on others; it does not link aid to Africa with any political condition; it does not seek political interest for itself through investment and financing in Africa.
In his speech to the same forum, President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi stressed that a new and ambitious plan of action will be adopted for the next three years to address the various fields of development in order to achieve the aspirations of our peoples for decent living, stability and prosperity by creating the right environment for sustainable development. Based on a package of innovative solutions that are commensurate with the contemporary realities and potentials of our peoples and their human resources. It is based on linking the China’s “Belt and Road” initiative with the Africa Development Agenda 2063, a positive approach that combines the growth potential of both parties.
In his address to the past, Mousi Faki, Chairperson of the African Union Commission, said that Africa felt united and integrated with China and that the outcome of that summit must face the challenges that hinder and obstruct the African continent.
From January 2 to 6, 2019, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi visited four African countries – Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Gambia and Senegal – as well as the African Commission headquarters in Addis Ababa, on the first overseas tour of the New Year, Twenty-nine years, that Africa be the first foreign destination of its Foreign Minister each year.
China has pledged US $ 60 billion in funding at the 2015 China-Africa Cooperation Forum summit in Johannesburg and has already been met, and China’s 10 cooperation programs at the same summit bring great benefits to the continent’s people. And through the construction of highways, railways, airports, seaports and industrial parks across Africa in recent years.
The African Union has decided with China to launch the “China-Africa Infrastructure Planning Process” and push Chinese companies to participate in infrastructure construction in Africa in a manner that combines finance, construction and operation, giving priority to cooperation in the fields of energy, transportation, communications, information and water resources. The provision of facilities to African countries and financial institutions to issue bonds in China, and support African countries to benefit from the resources of the Asian Bank to invest in infrastructure, the new development bank and the Silk Road Fund better, Rules and procedures of multilateral.
China has provided $ 60 billion in aid to Africa through government aid, investment and financing from financial institutions and companies, namely: providing $ 15 billion in aid without pay, interest-free loans and soft loans, $ 20 billion in credit funds, and $ 10 billion China-Africa Development Finance and $ 5 billion to finance the import trade from Africa and push Chinese companies to invest at least $ 10 billion in Africa over the next three years. At the same time, African least developed countries, poor and heavily indebted countries, landlocked developing countries and island developing States, which established diplomatic relations with China, are exempt from government loans without accrued interest until the end of 2018, which has not been repaid.
In 2000, African countries and China set up a mechanism for collective dialogue of the three-year China-Africa Cooperation Forum, a ministerial meeting or summit. In December 2015, the Third Summit was held in Johannesburg of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. Major cooperation plans between China and Africa cover key areas of China-Africa economic and trade cooperation in industrialization, infrastructure, agriculture, health and trade, and provide various kinds of financial support of up to US $ 60 billion, providing support to African society and economy to achieve Comprehensive and sustainable development.
Under the Infrastructure Cooperation Plan, China has actively participated in the construction of a large-scale infrastructure in Africa and has built a number of key projects, such as the railway from Addis Ababa to Djibouti and the railway from Mombasa to Nairobi.
Africa has a population of over 1.2 billion people in 2017, twice as much as in 1990. It is worth mentioning that young people in Africa are more than the rest of the world, and Africa’s workforce will exceed 1.3 billion by 2050, Which provides strong support to the industrialization process in Africa and compensates for labor shortages as global aging develops