With the emerging crisis of the Coronavirus, and the number of infections rising to more than a thousand in about 38 states, many states and cities have declared a state of emergency, the last of which was the capital Washington, where the mayor of the capital Muriel Bauser declared a state of emergency, after the high number of cases of new Coronavirus.
When a disaster or health crisis occurs, we often hear about “declaring a state of emergency” in a particular US state or city, but some may not know what this word means.
In addition to Washington, D.C., the state of emergency was also declared, including Washington, California, Maryland, Kentucky, Utah, New York, Florida, Oregon, New Jersey, Colorado, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Michigan, and Arizona.
So what does declaring a state of emergency means?
Usually, the mayor or governor issues an executive decision in this regard when a crisis or disaster is imminent or strong.
This procedure allows the state governor and executives to activate emergency response plans and operate their respective centers.
It is permitted for the state or region to obtain federal or state assistance to pay money for those it spends on responding to the crisis. It is worth noting that Congress and the President recently approved a law to provide $8.3 billion in emergency aid allocated to deal with the disease.
It helps focus efforts in the state, allowing officials to use the money to hire individuals, buy equipment, and provide essential stocks.
Residents are encouraged to pay attention to the existence of a specific problem and to follow certain rules and guidelines.
It allows state governors not to comply with some laws, such as imposing quarantines without court permission, restricting freedom of association, and changing health laws, but for certain periods set by the governor or mayor.
For example, the California state of emergency declared provisions to protect consumers from price manipulation, and allowed health care workers outside the state to help fight disease within state health facilities, i.e. abolishing or easing some occupational requirements.
For example, too, the New York governor’s decision included non-compliance “temporarily” with compliance with transportation laws and relaxing restrictions on school purchase needs laws.