Ahead of the Munich Security Conference, the conference leaders issued their annual report on global security issues, saying tensions between the United States and China were one of the top 10 security issues in 2019.
Topics of the report to be addressed at the summit, which begins on Friday, include “superpower competition” where the frantic conflict between the United States, China and Russia on several fronts, including cyber security, armament and trade.
The report said that while the trade war between Washington and Beijing did not lead to bloodshed, competition “could have more serious geopolitical consequences than all other crises” if relations deteriorate. Analysts have warned that increasing pressure on Chinese technology companies for security reasons has damaged Beijing’s relations with Europe, which are difficult to overcome.
According to the reports, the United States and China sent high-level representatives to Europe ready for what could be a confrontation between the two powers at a major security conference, competing for influence and technological hegemony in one of the world’s richest markets.
In a trade dispute and military rivalry between the two countries, the organizers expect the participation of 35 heads of government and heads of state and 50 foreign and defense ministers, including a US delegation headed by US Vice President Mike Pence.
Communist Party Political Bureau member Yang Jiechi, the top Chinese official attending the security conference in Munich, will be attending since the first launch in 1963 and the largest delegation will ever head to what is, in essence, an annual meeting of the US-led transatlantic defense community. Jiechi’s mission will not be confined to the interior. Other controversial issues are expected to be raised with the United States and its allies, including Venezuela and Iran.
It is known for Yang, a former ambassador to the United States, its ability to cope with the attack on the status of Taiwan and other sensitive issues for Beijing, where he is expected to work to fend off the US campaign to exclude Chinese companies, from the construction of mobile networks 5G in Europe.
According to the South China Morning Post, analysts said the Chinese diplomat is expected to seek to ease the fears of Western cyber security.
The United States has repeatedly accused Chinese telecoms companies of being a “Trojan horse” of China’s security infiltration in Western countries, while Beijing says the US allegations are baseless and an attempt to contain China’s influence, which has become a threat to decades of US hegemony.
But the US accusation in this regard cannot be separated from the fierce trade conflict since last year between the two countries, which began with the United States imposing a higher tariff on Chinese goods.
Although Washington’s European allies may be somewhat convinced of cyber security concerns about China’s control of the G5 network, they also feel another threat posed by the United States itself.
There is widespread concern in Europe over the policies of US President Donald Trump, especially since the departure of the internationally trusted officials who promised to keep the US foreign policy going, including James Matisse, who resigned as US secretary of defense last December.
According to the report of the Munich conference, “US policy looks increasingly like Trump’s Tweets. A Pew research poll in the same report found British, Canadians, French, Germans, Japanese and Russians asking whether they saw US or Chinese influence as a greater risk. The United States is the biggest concern for everyone except Japan, and the result was repeated when respondents were asked who they trusted “to do the right thing about the world’s affairs,” whether Trump or his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping
China on Thursday called on countries to consider security issues through “facts” and described cyber security as a common concern for all countries. “We hope all parties will respect the true principle of a free market, create a non-discriminatory market environment for normal trade cooperation and promote the healthy development of relevant industries, ” said Hua Chunying, a spokeswoman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry.