Sunday, May 22, 2022

Giovanni Batista: the discoverer of Sphinx and the tomb of King Seti the First


Zubair Yaqoob
The author has diversified experience in investigative journalism. He is Chief content editor at

Giovanni Batista Belzoni was a great archaeologist and was one of the first Italians to fall in love with ancient Egypt, its culture and history.

Giovanni Battista was born in Italy on November 5, 1877. In 1812, Belzoni decided to leave England for southern Europe, after traveling to Spain. Portugal arrived in Egypt in 1815, when Henry Salt was the British Consul General in Egypt, and Belzoni wanted to see Muhammad Ali Pasha hydraulic machine of his invention to raise the Nile water. Despite the success of the engine, the design did not interest Mohammed Ali.

The newspaper pointed out that the Belzoni transported the bust of Ramses II, which was called Minnoun small and shipped to England, using the style of the ancient Egyptians, which is displayed in the British Museum.

The newspaper pointed out that Giovanni discovered many artifacts, in addition to manuscripts and other important objects dating back to Upper Egypt and the Roman and Greek era.

In 1820, Giovanni Battista began a new excavation, this time near Exile, a huge limestone statue of more than 12 meters in length depicting Ramesses the Second. It was originally to be transferred and given to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Leopold III. But his transfer was not easy, so the Grand Duke refused the offer. The British Museum did the same until it was decided to leave the giant.

There were also several reports that Giovanni Batista was also the discoverer of the temples of Abu Simbel, south of Aswan, and the tomb of King Seti I, the second king of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt and the son of Ramses I.

It is reported that although the tomb of King Seti I was known during the reign of Greece to Egypt, it is known in some scientific books as the tomb of Belzoni, which was rediscovered on October 17, 1817, and became attached to his name.

After working again in Giza and Cairo, as well as in many other places in Egypt, Giovanni Batista left the land of the Pharaohs and found a house in Paris where he died on September 7, 1845.

Read also: Egyptian famous Pharaoh: Tutankhamen’s quartzite head auctioned at $6 million

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