The International Court of Justice (ICJ) on Wednesday issued its verdict in Indian spy Kulbhushan Jadhav case and rejected most of the remedies sought by India.
The court, in its verdict, rejected a number of Indian demands including annulment of military court decision convicting Jadhav, his release and safe passage to India.
The court, however, directed Pakistan to provide effective review and reconsideration of his conviction and sentences according to its own justice system.
The court had reserved its judgement in the case back in February.
The agents of Pakistan and India made the following submissions to the ICJ.
The Government of India requests this Court to adjudge and declare that, Pakistan acted in egregious breach of Article36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, 1963 (Vienna Convention) in:
Failing to inform India, without delay, of the detention of Jadhav.
Failing to inform Jadhav of his rights under Article36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, 1963;
Declining access to Jadhav by consular officers of India, contrary to their right to visit Jadhav, while under custody, detention or in prison, and to converse and correspond with him, or to arrange for his legal representation. And that pursuant to the foregoing trial.
Declare that the sentence by Pakistan’s Military Court arrived at, in brazen defiance of the Vienna Convention rights under Article36, particularly Article36 paragraph1
Direct it to release the Indian National, Jadhav, forthwith, and to facilitate his safe passage toIndia; In the alternative, and if this Court were to find that Jadhav is not to be released, then annul the decision of the Military Court and restrain Pakistan from giving effect to the sentence awarded by the Military Court, or in the further alternative.
Direct it to take steps to annul the decision of the military court, as may be available to it under the laws in force in Pakistan, and in either event
Direct a trial under the ordinary law before civilian courts, after excluding his confession that was recorded without affording consular access, and in strict conformity with the provisions of the ICCPR, with full consular access and with a right to India to arrange for his legal representation.
Pakistan respectfully requests the Court, for the reasons set out in Pakistan’s written pleadings and in its oral submissions made in the course of these hearings, to declare India’s claim inadmissible.
Further or in the alternative, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan respectfully requests the Court to dismiss India’s claim in its entirety.
Meanwhile on Twitter Pakistani celebrates over the verdict given by ICJ. Indians celebrated with unknown reasons.
— C H A R S?? (@usama_khn_mughl) July 17, 2019
Dear Indian fellows! #KulbhushanJadhav will remain in Pak custody, your plea for his acquittal and repatriation has been rejected by the ICJ. Merely consular access doesn’t provide you sufficient fuel to fly high on tv screens 😉
— Ajmal Jami (@ajmaljami) July 17, 2019
Jadhav’s arrest and death sentence
Pakistani security agencies on March 24, 2016 apprehended an ‘on-duty RAW agent’ from Balochistan. The suspect was said to be an officer of the Indian navy working for the covert agency to destabilize Pakistan.
The operative had contacts with banned organizations and was working on plans to break Karachi and Balochistan away from Pakistan, and to sabotage the billion dollar China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project.
On March 25, a day after the arrest, the Indian Ministry of External Affairs said the Indian man arrested from Balochistan has no connection with the government, however, admitted that Kulbhushan Yadav is a former officer of the Indian navy.
“He (Jadhav) acquired premature retirement from the Indian navy and since then the government has nothing to do with him,” said Vikas Swarup, a spokesperson for the Ministry of External Affairs, requesting Pakistan to grant counsellor access to the ‘arrested Indian citizen’.
On April 10, COAS, Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa conﬁrmed his death sentence awarded by Field General Court Martial (FGCM).
The spy was tried through (FGCM) under Pakistan Army Act (PAA) and awarded death sentence.
Jadhav was tried by FGCM under section 59 of Pakistan Army Act (PAA) 1952 and Section 3 of ofﬁcial Secret Act of 1923. FGCM found Kulbushan Sudhir Yadhav guilty of all the charges.
He confessed before a Magistrate and the Court that he was tasked by RAW to plan, coordinate and organize espionage / sabotage activities aiming to destabilize and wage war against Pakistan by impeding the efforts of Law Enforcement Agencies for restoring peace in Balochistan and Karachi.
Decision paragraphs the International Court of Justice
Complete decision of International Court of Justice