During the campaign of the dictator of Rome Julius Caesar military east to go after his opponent Pompey the Great in 48 BC, this military campaign led the famous general Rome towards Egypt, to bring Julius Caesar from Egypt a number of animals fewer than what was seen by the people of Rome, in addition to green monkeys, lions and tigers, Julius Caesar came with another unique animal that the Europeans had never seen before.
Historians recorded giraffe appearance in Egypt for centuries where the kings of the Pharaohs impressed with this animal, they came from Nubia and adopted during the celebrations, was presented to the public as a symbol of power, as many rulers resorted to the Pharaohs to give as gifts to other countries and used as a commodity during trade.
When they first saw the giraffe in 46 BC, the Romans were fascinated by the appearance of this animal and were unable to understand its nature and how to deal with it.Due to its similar appearance with both camel and tiger, the inhabitants of Rome thought that the giraffe was a hybrid resulting from a relationship between these two animals. Camel Tiger (camelopardalis). According to the Greco-Roman historian Cassius Dio (Cassius Dio)The Romans noticed a clear similarity between the camel and the giraffe, except that the hind legs of the latter were shorter than the front. On the other hand, the inhabitants of Rome paid attention to the dotted skin of the giraffe.
The giraffe had many descriptions among the Romans and was called the historian Pliny the Elder (Pliny the Elder) Wild sheep, as some resorted to describing them in Indian sentences, and stressed the ease of transporting from place to place by tying a rope around her neck.
According to a number of historians, the giraffe that arrived in Rome in 46 BC was a gift from Cleopatra VII to Julius Caesar, where the latter is said to have accompanied her Roman lover to Rome for the celebrations of victory. In this atmosphere, Julius Caesar ordered the giraffe to be presented to the general public in circus games.
During the following centuries, many Roman emperors resorted to importing large numbers of giraffes to display in circus games during which these animals were killed by presenting them to hungry lions. Towards the end of the Roman Empire, the number of giraffes fell markedly before these animals disappeared from Europe for centuries.
In 1486, the giraffe reappeared in Europe, where the Florentine noble, who then ran Florence, got Lorenzo de ‘Medici. (Lorenzo de ‘Medici) The magnificent Lorenzo, on a gift, was a female giraffe from the tower’s sultan of Egypt Qaitbay. According to many sources, the inhabitants of Florence treated the giraffe well and provided her with a stable.
More than three centuries later, the giraffe returned to Europe in 1827, where Egyptian ruler Mohamed Ali Pasha gave three giraffes to France, Austria and Britain at the request of the French consul in Cairo, Bernardino Droviti. (Bernardino Drovetti) in the hope of stopping these countries’ support for the Greek rebels, and repairing some of the relations that were corrupted by the massacres of the Turkish.