Russia and China in the UN Security Council a statement in support of the self-proclaimed interim Venezuelan President Juan Guaido blocked. According to diplomats, Moscow and Beijing locked themselves up on Saturday against a corresponding proposal by Washington, which the United States wanted to adopt at an emergency meeting of the highest UN body.
The previous election of the left-nationalist Maduro as president was described in the draft as illegitimate. In addition, the violent crackdown by the Venezuelan security forces against demonstrators was condemned. According to diplomats, Russia deleted all these passages from the draft and left it only in a call for dialogue. The text was therefore no longer acceptable to Washington.
The meeting was also attended by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and his Venezuelan counterpart Jorge Arreaza. The United States had requested the emergency meeting.
Russia’s UN Ambassador Wassilij Nebensja accused “the United States and its allies” at the meeting to plan a “coup d’état” in Venezuela and to topple Maduro. Nebensja denied the Security Council the right to discuss Venezuela’s internal affairs.
In return, Pompeo accused the government of Maduro of suppressing the people. Every state in the world must now decide on the power struggle in Venezuela, said Pompeo. “Either you stand with the forces of freedom, or you are a league with Maduro and his chaos.”
The economic collapse of Venezuela and the flight of millions of citizens to neighboring countries is, according to him, a threat to world peace. “It is time to acknowledge the new government of Interim President Guaido,” said Pompeo. He called on all nations to help Venezuelan citizens in their attempt to “free themselves from the illegitimate mafia state of former President Maduro.”
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini also threatened with “further action” by the European Union on Saturday, should no new elections be called in the South American crisis state in the coming days. Among the possible measures is the question of recognition of the self-proclaimed interim president, Juan Guaido, Mogherini said on Saturday in Brussels after consultations with EU foreign ministers.
Mogherini called for “free, transparent and credible” elections to “international democratic standards”. Venezuela needs in the current situation a government that “really represents” the will of the people.
Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) also renewed his call for rapid new elections. “Restoring peace and the rule of law requires a peaceful and credible political process in accordance with the Venezuelan constitution,” Maas said.
Unless Maduro clears the way for “credible new elections”, the EU is ready to recognize Guaido as interim president. Parliament is the “only democratically legitimized representation of the Venezuelan people”. However, Venezuela’s Foreign Minister rejected the EU’s ultimatums for new elections on Saturday.
Guaido himself declared Venezuela’s interim president on Wednesday. The United States immediately recognized him, followed by Canada and several Latin American countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Colombia. So far, however, no other of the five veto powers, which can block decisions in the Security Council, has put behind Guaido. Russia pledged support to Venezuelan President Maduro.